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## Homework Statement

I have doubt in calculating the permissible error. It goes as follows

Measure of two quantities along with the precision of respective measuring instrument is

A = 25.0 ± 0.5 m/s, B = 0.10 ± 0.01 s. A physical quantity C is calculated as C = A × B. What will be the value of C along with permissible error

## Homework Equations

[itex]\frac { ΔC } {C} = \Big ( {\frac { ΔA } {A} + \frac {Δ B} {B} } \Big )

[/itex]

## The Attempt at a Solution

STEP 1.

In the literature it is clearly mention that number of significant figures in result C is governed by the following rule.

"In multiplication or division, the final result should retain as many significant figures as are there in the original number with smallest number of significant figures."

Going by this rule C= 25.0 x 0.10 = 2.50 m = 2.5 m (rounding off to two significant figures).

STEP 2.

[itex]\frac { ΔC } {C} = \Big ( {\frac { ΔA } {A} + \frac {Δ B} {B} } \Big ) = \Big ( {\frac { 0.5 } {25.0} + \frac {Δ0.01} {0.10} } \Big ) =

0.2 + 0.1 = 0.3

[/itex]

ΔC = 0.3 × 2.5 =0.75 m

However, to what the significant figures after rounding off, the permissible error ΔC should be reported. Should ΔC=0.75m or 0.7m or something else What is the rule governing this?

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